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Trabzon is a city on the Black Sea coast of north-eastern Turkey. Trabzon, located on the historical Silk Road became a melting pot of religions, languages and culture for centuries and a trade gateway to Iran in the east, Russia and the Caucasus to the North. Trabzon formed the basis of several states in its long history, and was the capital city of the Empire of Trebizond. Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent was born here and Yavuz Sultan Selim, another Ottoman sultan, was the regional governor of Trabzon when he was a prince.
The city is mostly situated on a table like promontory above the harbor. The citadel is one of the oldest remains, and the first thing you will notice when entering Trabzon, is a well-preserved 13th century Byzantine Church. The walls of this church are decorated with frescoes which are the finest examples of Byzantine craftsmanship. The Fatih Mosque in the city was once a Byzantine church.
Trabzon is very richly adorned with sightseeing areas and precious remains from the Byzantine period. On the western slopes of the Boztepe hill, is "the Boztepe Park" with a beautiful view of the city. In the village of Surmene, to the east of Trabzon, is a fascinating 19th century mansion, known as the Kastel. The Erikbeli and Karadag meadows, south of Akcaabat, are quite good hiking and picnicking areas.
Trabzon is famous throughout Turkey for its anchovies, which are the main meal in many restaurants in the city.
Known as “horon” in Trabzon and surrounding areas is a famous folk dance peculiar to the region, and it is performed by men, women, young and elderly people in festivities, local weddings and harvest times.